BAME patients are 17% more likely to die from coronavirus

BAME patients are 17% more likely to die from coronavirus if they enter intensive care

  • Data from intensive care in UK hospitals was analysed to produce the figure
  • Asian people had highest chance of death, at 53.5 per cent, ICNARC data said
  • Black people are up to four times more likely to die from Covid-19, data shows 
  • Here’s how to help people impacted by Covid-19

Black and Asian coronavirus patients admitted to intensive care are up to 17 per cent more likely to die, an analysis has revealed.

Asian people had the highest chance of death, at 53.5 per cent, followed by Black people, at 52 per cent, according to the figures published by the Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre (ICNARC).

Conversely, white people admitted to intensive care had a 45 per cent chance of death.

The data was compiled from 289 critical care units in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It showed 6,143 patients have left intensive care in the units since the outbreak began.

Death rates are adjusted to take into account age, which shows that black people face four times the risk of dying compared to white people

Far higher numbers of people from black and Asian backgrounds have died from COVID-19 per 100,000 people than white Britons, despite making up much less of the overall population. ‘Other whites’ include Gypsy and Irish Travellers, and ‘other ethnic group’ includes Arabs

For current Covid-19 patients, Asian people also formed the largest ethnic minority group in intensive care at 1,138 patients. They were followed by Black patients, at 752, Other groups, at 485, and Mixed, at 120.

However, white coronavirus patients made up the majority of all patients in intensive care at 4,925.

It has previously been reported that Black people are up to four times more likely to die from the virus than white people, according to government figures for fatalities in England and Wales between March 2 and April 10.

The data was adjusted to account for health conditions and differences in factors such as income to give the result.

The Office for National Statistics said on May 7 the results remain ‘unexplained’. 

Being overweight or obese increased the risk of ending up in hospital with the killer infection by 1.6-fold and 2.3-fold, respectively, according to a major study by Glasgow University  

The data from the Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre is pictured above

Health Secretary Matt Hancock has said people from ethnic minority backgrounds are ‘disproportionately’ dying from the virus. He has ordered an urgent probe into the findings by Public Health England.

Speaking at the Downing Street daily press conference on May 5 he said: ‘We recognise that there has been a disproportionately high number of people from black and ethnic minority backgrounds who have passed away especially among care workers and those in the NHS.’

Grant Shapps, the Transport Secretary, said the government was ‘very concerned’ over deaths among ethnic minorities.

‘At the moment we are unclear whether that is just the proximity,’ he said, ‘in other words that more people from minority backgrounds happen to work in health and social care or whether there is something else going on.’ 

Figures that take into account age and location reveal that black people and Brits of Pakistani and Bangladeshi heritage face are 2.3-fold risk of coronavirus death than white people

There were 3,378 minority deaths from coronavirus in England up to May 5. 

When this is compared to the 2011 census it shows 59 Other and 56 Black people per 100,000 of the UK population have been hospitalised, compared to 36 white people.

Similar breakdowns for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are not available at present.

ICNARC’s data also revealed that those who are overweight, are also at greater risk from coronavirus.

It found 35 per cent of intensive care victims were obese, Comparatively, those with a normal BMI made up only 26 per cent of those receiving intensive care.

Deputy chief medical officer for England, Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, said: ‘There is an enormous determination across the medical advisory function for the government to get to the bottom of this, and get to the bottom of it with real clarity.

‘There is an obesity signal beginning to emerge as well, and on top of that, and I’m absolutely clear, there is a signal around Black and minority ethnic groups.’ 

The government is preparing to announce changes to coronavirus restrictions at 7pm today. 

There are not expected to be major adjustments in the works, although it is thought those arriving in the country may face two weeks quarantine upon arrival in the UK.

Once a day outdoor exercise restrictions are also expected to be dropped, while the focus shifts to getting businesses open again where possible.

Harsher fines will also be brought in to combat breaches of tougher rules, amid complaints from police that it has been impossible to police the public. 

Scientists are warning that the UK is at a ‘critical turning-point’ in the pandemic. 

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